Shenzhen is a Special Economic Zone in China’s Guangdong province that lies to the north of Hong Kong. According to the latest studies it is one of the fastest growing cities globally and is the second busiest port in China. This city was founded in 1410 during the period that is known as the Ming Dynasty. Traditionally the city had been a rural fishing village but that changed in 1979 when Deng Xiaoping designated Shenzhen to be the experimental model of market capitalism guided by the principals of Chinese socialism. It was chosen for the experiment because of its proximity to Hong Kong. Today, Shenzhen has developed well beyond what was previously thought and has burgeoned into an economic powerhouse and manufacturing bastion in China.
Shenzhen is a fairly large city that covers an area of over seven hundred and ninety square miles and has a population of over eight million residents. Only about a quarter of these residents are permanent residents of the city, however. This city is one that seems to be in a constant state of flux as it begins to cannibalize the area surrounding it to accommodate for its tremendous rate of growth. This city is also undergoing a consistent rise in the number of educational facilities available to its citizens. Some of the more popular universities located here include Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Polytechnic, Institute of Information Technology, Graduate School of Harbin Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Peking University and Graduate School of Tsinghua University. As of 2009, the city is also contructing a new facility called the Southern University of Science and Technology.
Shenzhen is also a city that is developing a thriving tourist trade. This is due in part to the wonderful attractions and hot spots that are available to tourist. One of the most popular attractions is Window of the World. This is a huge theme park that is located on Shenzhen Bay. It consist of over one hundred and eighteen reproductions of the world’s most famous monuments. Here visitors can see scaled down reproductions of the Eiffel Tower, Buckingham Palace and The Temple of the Emerald Buddha, just to name a few. There are also numerous exhibits on famous world figures and a whole lot of restaurants that cover a wide variety of cuisines from Japanese to Mexican.
Another popular theme park in Shenzhen is called China Folk Culture Village. This park sits on over two hundred square meters and consist of twenty four recreated villages that display the day to day life and architecture of China’s fifty plus ethnic groups. These villages are recreated on a 1:1 ratio and even the smallest detail is strictly attended to by the designers. The villiages represented here are Yi ,Miao, Dong, Naxi, Buyi, Yao, Zhuang, Mosuo, Dai, Wa, Hani, Gaoshan,Bai, Li, Jingpo,Tibetan Nationality, Uygur Nationality, Quadrate Yard, Mongolian Nationality, Korean Nationality, Cave-house in North Shaanxi and Tujia Village.
Adjacent to the China Folk Culture Village is Splendid China. Splendid China is a theme park that has reproduced all the historic and scenic locations in China. Here eighty miniature attractions are located on a map of China. All the landmarks are placed on the map in the same relation that they have in real life. Its a great way for visitors to learn more about China and the beautiful monuments located there.
Happy Valley is yet another popular theme park in Shenzhen. This park has exhibits and rides that are divided into nine distinct sections. These sections include Spanish Plaza, Cartoon City, Adventure Mountain, Happy Time, Gold Mine Town, Shangri-la Forest, Hurricane Bay, Sunshine Coast, Maya Water Park. All the sections are connected by the Happy Valley Tram. This is a theme park that is part tourist attraction and part water park.